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> Emergency Medical Care For Bites & Stings, Transplant
Meety Peety
post Sep 26 2008, 02:07 PM
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QUOTE (Doc18Delta @ Sep 19 2006, 02:35 AM) *
Emergency Medical Care for Bites & Stings

Signs and Symptoms of a Bite or Sting

* Redness or discoloration around the bite area
* Swelling around the bite, sometimes gradually spreading
* Weakness or faintness
* Dizziness
* Chills
* Fever
* Nausea or Vomiting
* Bite Marks
* Stinger

Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock from a Bite or sting

Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening medical emergency. (See A)

* Hives
* Flushing
* Upper airway obstruction
* Faintness
* Dizziness
* Generalized itching
* Generalized swelling, including eyelids, lips, tongue
* Shortness of breath, wheezing, or stridor
* Labored breathing
* Abdominal cramps
* Confusion
* Loss of responsiveness
* Convulsions
* Hypotension (Low blood pressure)

Care of a Bite or Sting area:

1. If the stinger is still present, remove it by gently scraping against it with the edge of a knife or credit card / Drivers Lic.
Scrape in the direction of the base of the stinger to avoid breaking it off below the skin. Do not squeeze the stinger with tweezers, forceps, or fingers as doing this can force more venom from the venom sac into the sting site.
Make sure you do remove the venom sac, as it can continue to secrete venom into the site even if the stinger is detached from the insect.

2. Wash the area around the Bite or Sting gently with a mild agent or strong soap solution. Make sure contaminated solution flows away from the area. Never scrub the area.

3. Remove any jewelry or other constricting objects as soon as possible; ideally, before any swelling begins at the site or the Bite or sting.

4. Lower the sting site slightly below the level of the patient's heart.

5. Apply a cold pack to the area to relieve pain and swelling. Do not apply cold to snakebites or injuries inflicted by marine life (Salt water).

6. keep the patient calm, limit his/her physical activity and keep them warm. Transport to Hospital ASAP or Call EMS for Transport.

A. Administer epinephrine IM and maintain patent airway

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